Travel guide to Bogotá: hiking, history, and more –

On a plateau high in the Andes Mountains lies the bustling, modern city of Bogotá, also known as the Athens of South America. Immerse yourself in everything Bogotá has to offer: mountains and history.

At 2,640 meters (8,660 ft) above sea level in the Andes, Bogotá is the third-highest capital of South America. While being landlocked, the city makes up for its lack of access to open waters by having become the artistic, cultural, sports, and economic centers of Colombia. The city has a rich history; from the museums to Monserrate, are plenty of things to see and do in Bogotá. Let’s get to it!

Bogotá’s history and development

Bogotá is the third-highest capital in South America — Shutterstock

Before its official founding in 1538, the area was populated by the Muisca who were living in the area for centuries. They were defeated by Spanish conquistador Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada and his younger brother Hernán Pérez. The newly founded city was formed by Europeans, mestizos, indigenous peoples and slaves, and its population was growing rapidly.

Currently, Bogotá, with its almost 7 million inhabitants, is the most populous city in Colombia. It prides itself with some 120 museums and galleries and around 45 theaters. Lately, the metropolis has become increasingly more recognized as a regional hub for the development of the arts.

La Candeleria, Bogotá’s pride of independence

La Candelaria is arguably the most important district of the city — Shutterstock

One of the most notable leaders of the region was Simón Bolívar, who is among some of the most influential heroes of the Hispanic independence movements at the beginning of the 19th century. His memory has strongly been attached to sentiments of nationalism and patriotism, and the traces of Bolívar are to be found all over the city of Bogotá.

One of the living memories of this historic figure is La Candelaria, …….


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